Ukraine on Fire is a 2016 documentary film directed by Igor Lopatonok. It features Oliver Stone, the executive producer, interviewing figures surrounding the 2014 Ukrainian revolution such as Viktor Yanukovich and Vladimir Putin. The film premiered at the 2016 Taormina Film Fest.
The film presents a thesis on the sources of contemporary Ukrainian nationalism, detailing events such as the Cossack Hetmanate, the Russian Revolution (1917-1921), the occupation of Ukraine by German-Austrian troops, the Brest-Litovsk Treaty, the incorporation of Western Ukraine into the USSR, Ukrainian collaborationism in World War II, the Great Patriotic War, the Volyn massacre, the events in Babiy Yar, the 1990s, the Orange Revolution, the 2014 Ukrainian revolution, the referendum on the status of the Crimea, the confrontation in Odessa, the war in Donbass, the crash of MH17 and other events.
The film associates the Ukrainian 2004 Orange Revolution and 2014 Revolution of Dignity with Ukrainian radical right and antisemitic political organizations, such as the Right Sector, and with WWII era western Ukrainian far-right paramilitary organizations. These are asserted to include the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA) and Stepan Bandera, characterizing both as ideologically similar to the Italian fascists and German Nazis allied against the Soviet and post-war Polish governments.
Russian President Vladimir Putin, former pro-Russian Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych and former Ukrainian Interior Minister Vitaly Zakharchenko, as well as American journalist Robert Parry are interviewed, mostly by Oliver Stone, about the events of recent Ukrainian history.
James Kirchick of The Daily Beast called the documentary a “dictator suckup”, noting that “Yanukovych ceased being president on 22 February 2014 because he fled Kiev, rendering himself incapable of performing his presidential duties under the Ukrainian constitution. Over three-quarters of the country’s parliament, including many members of Yanukovych’s own party, voted effectively to impeach him that day”, and “It is astoundingly patronizing for Stone to lecture Ukrainians—thousands of whom have fought and died defending their dismembered country from an all-out invasion by their much more powerful neighbor—about what they do and do not know about Viktor Yanukovych, Russia and the potential for a new Cold War”.
Human rights protection groups in Ukraine also called the documentary “undistilled Kremlin propaganda”, arguing among others that from the main Ukrainian political figures described as neo-Nazis by Oliver Stone, only Oleh Tyahnybok resorted to xenophobia and anti-Semitic rhetoric, and that his neo-Nazi party Svoboda later lost most of their seats in the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election where they got 4.71% of votes.